Aviation Regulation for Net-Zero aircraft.
Stakeholders will need new safety tools and a new technical language. Shannon Aero is developing competence in these areas.
- It would not be an overstatement to say that the history of Aviation Regulation can be a history of commercial aviation. The rules and regulations promulgated since the Paris Convention of 1919 have been largely driven by the technological advances of manned flight, beginning that December day in 1903 at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, when the Wright Brothers first went airborne with the powered Wright Flyer.
- Aircraft fleet regulation.
- A major regulatory requirement is the registration and airworthiness status of the airline’s fleet. In order for an aircraft to operate into a country, it must have an airworthiness certificate that is recognized by that country. Otherwise it will not be allowed to operate. While that can be considered a “given”, there are instances where a specific aircraft may not have an airworthines certificate on record in a country and therefore it is recommended that such certificate be confirmed. The unknown is what will happen when a country fails to sign on to revised and updated ICAO treaties governing recognition of aircraft built in a foreign country!
- Tecnical regulation - Op Spec for scheduled airlines.
- The approval of the economic authority to provide commercial air services does not give permission to an airline to operate the routes licenced. The requirements for meeting of technical requirements as set out by ICAO and the country' CAAs is critical to final approval as a certificated air carrier. The FAA has the authority to approve U.S. airlines.
- Tecnical Manuals.
- The most important document that an airline is required to submit to regulators is the Operations Manual. The regulator will closely scrutinize the manual because it is the one document that directs the entire operations of the airline. In fact, the manual is so important that the regulator will generally assign a staff member to work with the airline during the review process to ensure the manual meets the requirements of the governing rules. Other manuals will be inspected as well, and these include:
- 1. Training Manual,
- 2. Maintenance Program
- 3. Aircraft Technical Logs and;
- 4. Crew Licensing.
- In addition, the names and qualifications of key management staff are required, including the Chief Pilot, the Flight Operations Manager, Maintenance Manager, Training Manager and Ground Operations Manager.
- Certification to Operate to a Foreign Country
- Established airlines desiring to operate to foreign countries are required to make application to the appropriate authorities for permission. In the case of the U.S., the USDOT has jurisdiction, as do the CAAs of EU or non-EU countries. The requirements for approval are not as extensive as those for a start-up airline, however, a history of satisfactory operations must be evident. At the minimum, a valid CPCN/OpSpecs or AOL/AOC is mandatory. In addition, proof of insurance, proof of financial ability and aircraft registration information must be made available. The proposed operations must also be in compliance with the applicable ASA. In some jurisdictions, age and noise restrictions may apply.
- Accident Investigation
- Nearly every country that has any sort of transportation infrastructure has in place a system to investigate accidents. In the US, the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) is tasked by law with that duty. Originally an agency within the USDOT, it was severed from that agency by the Independent Safety Board Act of 1974 and is mandated with maintaining independence and objectivity in carrying out its duties.
- The core of the NTSB are its “Go Teams”. These are the duty investigators who are ready to deploy to an accident immediately upon learning of it. Consisting of up to a dozen specialists, when on duty rotation, the teams are reachable at all times and have at the ready their “tools of the trade”, consisting of such basic items as selected wrenches, screwdrivers, flashlights, tape recorders, cameras and devices peculiar to their individual specialty.
Regulation of Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS)(Drones)
- Conducting objective, precise inspections, investigations and safety studies will be different in many technical areas:
- Keeping current on transportation safety,
- Assessing the implications of every civil aviation accident involving Net-Zero aircraft,
- Airman certification compliance with new Net-Zero standards,
- Accountability for implementing safety recommendations,
- Litigation consequences and the provision of assistance to victims of transportation accidents and their families.
- Insuring that safety recommendations aimed at preventing future accidents are implemented.